PT Health Life

3 tips to take care of yourself when you have heart failure

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PT Health Life – Heart failure patients often experience symptoms of shortness of breath, fatigue, leg swelling, etc., which greatly affect their quality of life. In severe cases, patients often need to be hospitalized for treatment and if not treated promptly can lead to death.

Although heart failure is a serious chronic disease, combining treatment with a healthy, active, and optimistic lifestyle can reduce symptoms, help patients prolong life, and increase quality of life. life.

1. Causes of heart failure

Heart failure is a chronic, progressive disease in which the heart muscle is unable to pump enough blood to supply organs in the body such as the kidneys, brain, liver, etc., and at the same time causes circulatory stagnation. circulating in other organs such as the lungs, liver, and leg venous system.

In particular, during physical activity (such as climbing stairs, walking fast, etc.), the oxygen demand for the muscles increases, heart failure patients cannot self-adjust to provide the corresponding amount of oxygen, causing symptoms. heart failure.

Heart failure is a chronic, progressive disease.

Heart failure is caused by many causes, diseases that affect the function and structure of the heart… If these diseases are detected and treated at an early stage, it can prevent and slow down the progression to heart failure. heart failure course.

Common causes of heart failure include:

  • Hypertension : One of the most common causes, in the long term, the heart muscle is hypertrophied and lacks blood supply, leading to a gradual decrease in the heart’s ability to contract.
  • Coronary artery disease: The heart muscle is nourished by the coronary artery system. In some situations, there is a gradually enlarging atherosclerotic plaque that narrows the coronary artery, causing the heart muscle to not receive enough nutrition and oxygen. Coronary artery disease can also lead to acute myocardial ischemia (or myocardial infarction) causing acute myocardial necrosis.
  • Cardiomyopathy: These are cases of limited contraction or abnormal expansion of the heart muscle that are not caused by hypertension or coronary artery disease.
  • Heart valve disease: Narrow or leaky heart valves, if not detected early, can cause heart failure.

2. Common manifestations

Heart failure patients often have the following signs:

  • Difficulty breathing , especially when exercising or sleeping, requires the patient to elevate their pillow to breathe easily.
  • Feeling tired, headache , dizziness.
  • Anxiety and palpitations even when resting.
  • Leg swelling, abdominal swelling, decreased urination.
  • Unexplained weight loss.

3. Pay attention when you have heart failure

When diagnosed with heart failure, patients often worry. First, always keep an optimistic attitude and remember what you can do to control the situation:

  • Take the medicine exactly as prescribed, do not stop taking it when your condition stabilizes. In case you encounter any problems during treatment, discuss them with your doctor.
  • Record and notify your doctor of side effects when taking medication. The doctor will change the medication or reduce the dosage appropriately for the patient .
  • Monitor your body and pay attention to signs of worsening heart failure.

– People with heart failure should pay attention to their lifestyle

When sleeping, patients need to pay attention that if they want to get up, they have to lie down for another half minute, when they sit up, they have to sit for another half minute, and when they put their feet off the bed, they have to wait another half minute before slowly getting up to go to the bathroom.

Get up in the morning and spend half an hour exercising (depending on age and strength to apply appropriate exercises). Spend half an hour at noon to sleep, half an hour at night to take a gentle walk to get a good night’s sleep.

Walking is most suitable for the elderly, especially those with cardiovascular disease and blood pressure.

– Eat and drink appropriately

Every day you should drink 100 – 200ml of milk, eat about 200g of starch, Protide (meat and eggs, should limit eating to 1/3 of the normal limit), 4-5 meals a day (moderately eat only about 70 – 80% compared to normal), eat about 500g of green vegetables and ripe fruits.

Every day you should eat a ripe tomato, eat yellow flowers, tubers, fruits, drink green tea… it will be beneficial for your health and reduce disease.

– Exercise moderately

People with heart failure should walk to reduce the amount of fat and waste in the blood. Other sports can be dangerous if overexerted, but walking increases the load slowly so it’s easy to control and adjust.

Therefore, walking is the most suitable exercise for the elderly, especially those with cardiovascular disease and blood pressure.

In addition, you should quit smoking, limit alcohol consumption, reduce nervous tension, strong emotions, or prolonged anxiety, which are factors that promote the progression of severe cardiovascular diseases: myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction. myocardial blood…

Call 115 or go to the emergency department immediately if you have symptoms: Severe shortness of breath even when resting; Chest pain or pressure that lasts more than 15 minutes and does not relieve when resting; Fainting, loss of consciousness…

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