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6 tips to prevent myocardial infarction you need to know

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SKDS – Acute myocardial infarction is an extremely dangerous condition, stemming from a lack of blood supply to the heart muscle due to many causes of damage to myocardial tissue.

This is a disease with a high mortality rate, with 25% of patients dying in the acute phase of the disease, often before being transferred to medical facilities for emergency treatment.

Myocardial infarction and heart stroke often occur suddenly, but there are cases that are warned in advance with signs such as:

• Nervousness, palpitations

• Angina, difficulty breathing

• Cold sweat

• Dizziness, vertigo, nausea, vomiting

• Low or high blood pressure

• Cold, clammy hands and feet

• Excitement, anxiety, fear

• Fainting, sudden death

Other serious complications such as arrhythmia, ventricular fibrillation, vascular embolism, heart failure, and pericarditis also threaten the patient’s life, especially ventricular fibrillation can cause sudden death, which is a dangerous complication. The most dangerous of acute myocardial infarction.

Myocardial infarction often occurs suddenly with symptoms of angina

Acute myocardial infarction is the most severe form of myocardial ischemia, often appearing suddenly and requiring emergency intervention in the hospital.

Currently, the treatment of acute myocardial infarction is being focused and has achieved significant progress. The most important factor in the treatment process is time, because the sooner a patient is detected and hospitalized, the better the recovery prospect compared to late cases.

1. Causes of myocardial infarction

The main cause of acute myocardial infarction is a lack of blood to nourish myocardial tissue. Just like other organs in the body, the heart muscle needs a blood supply to function and maintain function. The coronary artery is the main pipe that supplies blood to the heart muscle. When any reason causes a sudden, prolonged decrease in blood flow in the coronary arteries, heart muscle cells will be deprived of oxygen, causing damage and leading to symptoms of acute myocardial infarction.

Coronary atherosclerosis is one of the main causes of acute myocardial infarction. Atherosclerotic plaques narrow the arteries, reducing blood flow that nourishes the heart muscle. Acute myocardial infarction occurs when atherosclerotic plaques rupture and move, forming blood clots with many platelets attached, causing complete blockage of the artery.

Interventions such as stent placement or coronary artery bypass surgery can also cause acute myocardial infarction. A blood clot forms at the site of the stent, causing blockage of the coronary artery.

Blood clots in the coronary arteries can also arise from other causes such as infectious endocarditis, artificial heart valves , mucocele, heart wall thrombosis or vasculitis diseases such as Takayasu, Kawasaki, and hypercoagulable disease.

In addition, myocardial infarction can also be due to causes unrelated to blood clots such as coronary artery spasm, aortic dissection, or congenital arteriovenous malformations, although this incidence is low and usually difficult to determine.

Get regular health check-ups to detect any cardiovascular problems early

2. Prevent myocardial infarction

Preventing myocardial infarction plays an important role in maintaining cardiovascular health. Here are some measures to prevent this disease:

2.1. Weight control

Overweight and obesity lead to many other diseases that are harmful to health, including cardiovascular disease in general, heart attack, and stroke in particular. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain appropriate weight through appropriate diet and exercise, avoiding obesity.

2.2. Maintain a healthy lifestyle

Our lifestyle greatly impacts the formation and progression of cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction. Therefore, to prevent disease, it is necessary to have a healthy lifestyle in which it is necessary to adhere to a balanced and nutrient-rich diet, including vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish, poultry and lean proteins.

Need to reduce consumption of saturated fats and bad fats. Limit the amount of salt and sugar in your diet. Avoid consuming beer, wine and drinks containing caffeine. Avoid fast food and processed foods.

Limit smoking, try to quit completely. Smoking is a major risk factor for heart attack.

2.3. Physical exercise

Exercise is not only good for heart health but also brings many other benefits. Therefore, doctors often encourage people to spend time moving and exercising every day. Regular exercise is extremely necessary for everyone. It not only helps improve the body’s resistance but is also very useful for cardiovascular health. Experts in the field of cardiology have confirmed that exercise has a powerful effect like a tonic. Therefore, it is necessary to do regular physical activity for at least 150 minutes per week, including walking, jogging, swimming and aerobics. Or adjust your activity level to suit your health condition, under the guidance of your doctor.

2.4. Control stress

Stress in life that is repeated many times or lasts too long can affect the nervous system and can eventually cause illness. Because stress is also one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. In fact, there are cases of people having strokes when they encounter too great a psychological shock.

Excessive stress and anxiety is one of the risks that contribute to atherosclerosis. When faced with stress, people with a strong mentality will be able to overcome it and quickly balance their emotions and return to daily life happily. Therefore, it is necessary to control stress through relaxation, yoga, meditation and light exercise to manage daily stress.

2.5. Control blood pressure and blood sugar

Regulate blood pressure and control blood sugar if you have hypertension or diabetes. Monitor your diet and use medications as prescribed by your doctor.

2.6. Regular health check-ups

Get regular health check-ups to detect any cardiovascular problems early and receive prompt medical attention.

Summary: Myocardial infarction is a dangerous cardiovascular disease that can take the patient’s life. However, you can completely prevent a heart attack if you have appropriate cardiovascular disease treatment and know how to take care of your health to minimize risk factors. Preventing a heart attack requires patience and discipline in a healthy lifestyle. Always seek the opinion of a specialist for the most appropriate support and advice.

Subjects at high risk of myocardial infarction

Acute myocardial infarction is more likely to occur in the following groups of people:

  • Elderly people, especially men over 50 years old or postmenopausal women.
  • People with diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease.
  • People with hereditary blood lipid disorders.
  • People who smoke or are exposed to cigarette smoke.
  • People in the family who have immediate relatives (father, mother, siblings) who have had a heart attack or stroke at a young age, especially before age 55 for men and before age 65 for women .
  • People with immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, or scleroderma.
  • Using stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamine can cause coronary artery spasm, increasing the risk of acute myocardial infarction.
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