PT Health Life

7 subjects were at risk of colorectal cancer

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PT Health Life – Colorectal cancer is increasingly rejuvenating and threatens patients’ lives if not detected early and treated promptly. Many people often wonder whether they are susceptible to the disease? How to detect this disease early?

Currently, there is still no exact conclusion about the cause of colorectal cancer . However, scientists have found risk factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer . Below are people at risk of colorectal cancer.

1. People over 50 years old are at high risk of colorectal cancer

Studies have shown that colorectal cancer is related to age. Most people after the age of 50 will be at increased risk of colorectal cancer.

However, in recent years, the rejuvenation of age groups with this disease has tended to increase. In fact, the clinic sees many patients under the age of 40 and has had patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer.

2. Family history of colorectal cancer or adenomatous polyps

According to studies, up to 25% of colorectal cancer is related to family factors. Familial adenomatous polyposis and Gardner syndrome are inherited in a dominant manner with inactivity of the APC gene.

Hereditary colorectal cancer without polyps is called Lynch syndrome, an autosomal dominant genetic disease, appearing from adenomas in special locations, accounting for 10% of colorectal cancers. And other rare syndromes can also increase the risk of colorectal cancer.

3. People with a history of intestinal diseases and chronic colorectal diseases

Records show that many patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer have a history of intestinal diseases. The most common are inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis , Crohn’s disease…

In addition, colorectal cancer can arise from the lesions of diseases such as dysentery, amoebiasis, tuberculosis, syphilis, typhoid and other colorectal diseases. Persistent ulcerative colitis has a high risk depending on the high degree of dysplasia, which is considered a precursor to the risk of colorectal cancer. According to research, about 3% – 4% of patients with ulcerative colitis have cancer complications.

Research has found a link between diet, weight and exercise and the risk of colorectal cancer.

4. Overweight and obese people are at high risk of colorectal cancer

Overweight and obesity will increase the risk of colorectal cancer for both men and women, but the risk in men will be higher.

Most obese people have elevated blood cholesterol and insulin levels. This causes the amount of cholesterol in immune cells to increase, thereby reducing the immune system’s ability to kill cancer cells. Besides, high insulin can inhibit immune cells, and at the same time, promote the proliferation of cancer cells in the body.

Therefore, if you are overweight or obese (highly overweight), your risk of developing and dying from colorectal cancer will be higher.

5. People who are less active and have an unbalanced diet

People who do not eat a scientific, balanced diet will have a high risk of colorectal cancer, especially eating a lot of red meat and fried foods. Studies show that diets high in red meat (such as beef, pork, lamb, or liver) and quickly processed meat (such as sausages and canned meat) may increase the risk of colorectal cancer.

In addition, processed dishes such as stir-frying, frying, grilling, or roasting create substances that can increase the risk of cancer. However, the extent of the increased risk of colorectal cancer remains unknown. A balanced diet rich in vegetables, fruits and whole grain rice is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, but fiber supplements have not been proven to be effective.

If you regularly eat salted and fermented foods such as pickled pickles, pickled eggplant, kimchi, etc., they contain a lot of nitrite salts, which can cause cancer and will affect your health.

Similarly, physical activity is also important. If you are not physically active, you have a higher risk of colorectal cancer. Being more active can help reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.

6. Smokers are at high risk of colorectal cancer

Smoking is a well-known cause of lung cancer and is also linked to other types of cancer, such as colorectal cancer.

Scientists believe that long-term smokers are more likely to develop and die from colorectal cancer than non-smokers.

7. People who drink a lot of alcohol and beer

Studies show a link between alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer. If you regularly consume more than 50g of alcohol/day (3.5 glasses), your risk of colorectal cancer will increase by about 1.5 times compared to people who do not or rarely drink alcohol.

If you drink a lot of alcohol, about 10g of alcohol consumed a day, the risk of colorectal cancer will increase by about 7%. Therefore, limiting alcohol and beer consumption can bring many health benefits, including reducing the risk of colorectal cancer.

Summary: Colorectal cancer is a very common gastrointestinal cancer. Today, in modern society, because colorectal cancer is closely related to diet and lifestyle, the incidence of the disease is increasing. Therefore, if there are unusual symptoms or risk factors for the disease, you should be screened for digestive system cancer periodically to detect colorectal cancer early and have timely treatment plans to avoid complications. dangerous complications.
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