PT Health Life

Bad habits make children susceptible to ear, nose and throat diseases

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PT health Life – Ear, nose and throat is a common disease in young children, because these parts are sensitive to environmental impacts and children’s resistance is not high. The disease occurs mainly due to erratic weather and dust-polluted environment.

If ENT is not treated promptly and completely, it will easily recur and lead to glomerulonephritis, arthritis and heart diseases.

Some signs that a child has diseases related to the ear, nose and throat include: Stuffy nose, runny nose, smell disorders, changes in crying, laughter, ear pain, poor hearing…

1. Some ENT diseases are common in children

1.1 Sore throat

Pharyngitis is often divided into acute pharyngitis and chronic pharyngitis. People with sore throat not only feel pain in the throat but also have a prolonged cough, high fever, chills, and headache.

– Sinusitis

Sinusitis often occurs in children under 6 years old. When children have other respiratory diseases such as allergic rhinitis, adenoiditis, and tonsillitis that are not completely treated, there is a high possibility that the child will develop sinusitis in the future.

– Allergic rhinitis

People with allergic rhinitis will have symptoms of sneezing, stuffy nose, itchy nose, runny nose, this is an inflammation of the sinus mucosa. Allergic rhinitis is often divided into two types: seasonal allergic rhinitis and year-round allergic rhinitis.

– Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis has two stages: acute and chronic tonsillitis. Common symptoms of tonsillitis are sore throat, swollen tonsils, making it difficult to eat and even breathe. If the tonsils are too severe, surgery to remove the tonsils may even be required.

Tonsillitis can occur at many ages, but children and adolescents are still the most susceptible due to their weak immune system and poor resistance.

Ear, nose and throat is a common disease in young children. Illustration photo.

2. Bad habits cause ear, nose and throat diseases in children

Ear, nose and throat diseases occur mainly due to erratic weather and dusty and polluted environment. In adults, some subjective causes are also due to the habit of using headphones at high volume, smoking, drinking too much alcohol… For children, the causes of ENT disease are quite simple and imagined. seemingly harmless like:

2.1 Put objects in your nose and mouth

Surrounding objects often pose a potential risk of disease-causing bacteria. Therefore, if children carelessly play and let these objects come into direct contact with the airways, the possibility that the ears, nose and throat will be invaded by viruses and bacteria is very high, leading to respiratory diseases. Not to mention, if a child accidentally swallows a foreign object, it will immediately cause difficulty breathing, affecting his or her life.

Bite nails

Parents should train their children to give up the habit of biting their nails. There are a lot of bacteria in the nails. When biting, this bacteria will be directly introduced into the mouth and throat, creating conditions for bacteria and viruses to “raging” in the throat.

Blow your nose

When letting children blow their nose, do not blow too hard, because it will create high pressure in the nasal cavity, break small blood vessels, cause nosebleeds and lead to diseases such as acute otitis media .

Pick your nose, pick your ears

Picking the nose incorrectly can cause a child to have a nosebleed and damage the skin in the vestibular area. Picking your nose also makes it easier for viruses, bacteria, fungi, etc. to get from your hands into your nose, leading to rhinitis and sinusitis.

3. Physician advice

When children have nasopharyngitis, they will have symptoms such as: Continuous high fever that does not go down, even though warm compresses and fever reducers have been applied; Coughing a lot, chest concave, showing signs of difficulty breathing, abnormally fast breathing; Children have digestive disorders accompanied by frequent vomiting; Observe the ear and you will see fluid flowing… After 2-3 days of treatment, if the symptoms of nasopharyngitis do not improve, the child should be taken immediately to a medical facility for examination and treatment.

Measures to prevent nasopharyngitis in children:

  • Clean the nose and instruct children to rinse their mouth with physiological saline.
  • Make sure your diet is diverse in nutrients and vitamins.
  • Enhance the health of the immune system by adding minerals, vitamins, and immune-boosting foods.
  • Do not let children put their hands on their eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Do not let children come into contact with people who have nasopharyngitis or other respiratory diseases .
  • Clean the house, living space as well as children’s toys regularly.
  • Do not share towels, towels, or toothbrushes with others.
  • Cover your mouth when sneezing, coughing … to avoid spreading bacteria in the air.
  • Fully vaccinating children can limit many strains of bacteria and viruses that cause nasopharyngitis in children.
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