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Causes of knee pain

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PT Health Life – Knee pain is often thought to be a disease of the elderly, but in reality it can occur at any age. Knee pain has many causes, due to injury or can be a manifestation of many diseases.

Knee pain can be the result of an injury, such as a torn ligament or cartilage tear, or it can be a manifestation of other medical conditions including arthritis, gout or infection.

1. How does knee pain manifest?

Knee pain is a common symptom in all ages. It can start suddenly or insidiously, usually after an injury, work accident, daily life accident, traffic accident… Knee pain can also start with mild aches, then gradually becomes heavier.

The location and severity of knee pain can vary, depending on the cause of the pain.

Signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain include:

  • Swelling and stiffness.
  • Red and hot joints.
  • Creaking sound in joints when moving.
  • Inability to fully straighten the knee.

2. Causes of knee pain

Knee pain can range from mild, dull pain to long-lasting, severe pain.

There are many causes of knee pain, usually divided into the following groups:

2.1 Due to injury

  • Ligament rupture or sprain after a sudden accident. Symptoms often include pain, swelling, and difficulty walking.
  • Torn meniscus: The meniscus helps stabilize the joint and protects the bones from wear and tear, but just a sudden knee rotation during exercise, sports, work accidents, or traffic accidents can damage the meniscus. wedge is torn/broken. In some other cases, part of the knee cartilage is torn, broken and stuck in the joint, causing knee cartilage degeneration.
  • Fractures: The bones of the knee, including the kneecap, can break due to falls or accidents or injuries. Especially in people with osteoporosis, knee fractures can sometimes be caused by walking with incorrect posture.

2.2 Due to inflammation

  • Tendonitis: Tendinitis can be caused by overuse of the tendon, which often occurs in people who play sports such as basketball, jogging, and cycling.
  • Arthritis: Osteoarthritis is a common type that affects the knees. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative process in which the cartilage in joints gradually wears away, and middle-aged and elderly people are often affected. Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect the knees by inflaming the joints and destroying knee cartilage.

3. High risk factors for knee pain

Being overweight increases the risk of knee problems, and heavy work can also cause painful knee problems.

The job requires standing or sitting a lot, maintaining one position for a long time, hindering blood circulation.

Uric acid metabolism disorders cause urate salt crystals to accumulate in the joints, causing gout.

Knee pain is caused by damage in and around the joint including ligaments, tissues, cartilage, synovium… The knee joint is the junction of the patella, tibia and femur with a layer of cartilage covering it. covered at the ends, this is a large joint, responsible for supporting the body, so when damaged, it will greatly affect the health and mobility of the patient. Knee pain can range from mild, dull pain to long-lasting, severe pain.

When there are signs of knee pain, the patient needs to be examined by a doctor to detect and get appropriate instructions, and should not arbitrarily buy medication to treat the disease.

4. What to do when you have knee pain ?

Patients should regularly exercise gently.

When you have symptoms of knee pain, you need to rest properly. If obese people need a diet to help lose weight. Exercise regularly, for example tai chi, walking, cycling and swimming.

If it doesn’t help, you should see a medical facility. The doctor may prescribe pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation, corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation, DMARDs to stabilize the disease, etc., and other medications depending on the situation. specific status.

In addition, the patient may be prescribed stretching exercises to prevent contractures, joint adhesions, and muscle atrophy. Rehabilitation, physical therapy. Hot compress, massage, mineral salt bath. Acupuncture.

And in cases where medical treatment is ineffective or knee arthritis threatens mobility, the doctor will recommend surgery. Therefore, when there are signs of knee pain, you need to see a doctor as soon as symptoms appear to get early access to treatment measures. This provides many opportunities to apply physical therapy measures, limiting the need to use a lot of drugs or surgery, limiting complications and affecting mobility.

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