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Erectile dysfunction: Causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment

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Pt Health Life – Erectile dysfunction can be recognized through abnormalities in the penis such as insufficient erection, difficulty getting erect or softening during sex.

Erectile dysfunction is a very common sexual dysfunction in men. According to the European Association of Urology, erectile dysfunction is defined as the inability to achieve and maintain an erection necessary for complete sexual intercourse. When this condition repeats and lasts more than 3 months, it will affect the patient’s psychology and strain the couple’s relationship.

1. Causes of erectile dysfunction

There are several causes of erectile dysfunction in men:

  • Blood vessels: Some vascular diseases such as peripheral arterial stenosis, atherosclerosis, damage to the arteries that nourish the penis after major pelvic surgery…
  • Neurology: People with spinal cord injury, stroke , neurodegeneration, nerve damage due to complications of diabetes , polyneuropathy or have undergone surgeries that damage the nerves. The nerves that control the penis are damaged.
  • People with abnormalities in the structure of the penis such as: deviated/low urination; burying the penis, curving the penis… causing difficulty during intercourse and over time causing erectile dysfunction.
  • Endocrine: People with metabolic disorders such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hypopituitarism, hypogonadism, increased excretion of multiple hormones causing a disorder of sex hormones, thereby leading to erectile dysfunction. positive.
  • Medications: Some people use blood pressure medications, antipsychotics, antidepressants, stimulants, androgen inhibitors… which produce erectile dysfunction side effects.
  • Some injuries can cause erectile dysfunction such as pelvic fractures and penile fractures, causing damage to the blood vessels that supply the penis.
  • Psychology: Men have distorted perceptions, depression, anxiety disorders, poor sexual conditions… will reduce sexual desire and cause erectile dysfunction.

2. Symptoms of erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction can be recognized through signs such as:

  • Reduced sexual desire
  • The penis is difficult to erect or the erection is not hard enough
  • The penis may soften during sex
  • Impotence: the penis cannot become erect. This is the most severe state of erectile dysfunction.
Erectile dysfunction is increasingly trending towards younger people.


3. Is erectile dysfunction contagious?

Erectile dysfunction is not a contagious disease

4. Prevent erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is increasingly trending towards younger people. Therefore, men need to practice a healthy lifestyle and eliminate risk factors to prevent erectile dysfunction such as:

  • Exercise to improve physical fitness
  • Get enough sleep and arrange reasonable rest time
  • Have a healthy diet, limit greasy and fatty foods
  • Limit alcohol, tobacco, and stimulants
  • Avoid stress and prolonged stress and try to stay mentally relaxed
  • Have safe sex

5. How to treat erectile dysfunction

Although erectile dysfunction is a common disease, because it is a sensitive issue for men, it is rarely examined by medical facilities. Erectile dysfunction is a completely curable disease.

When you feel your body has reproductive health problems, men should visit reputable specialized facilities.

After men are diagnosed with erectile dysfunction and find the cause of the disease, andrologists will provide an effective treatment regimen for each individual.

5.1 The causes can be identified

  • Caused by metabolic disorders, patients need to change their lifestyle such as: quit smoking and alcohol, lose weight, avoid stress, exercise to increase physical strength…
  • Caused by hormone deficiency, patients will be supplemented with testosterone
  • Psychological causes of the patient will be treated with psychotherapy .

5.2 Cause cannot be determined

Doctors will use treatment drugs as well as methods such as short wave, surgery, depending on the patient’s symptoms as well as the stage of the disease.

When men have signs of erectile dysfunction, they need to go to a specialized medical facility for examination, avoiding arbitrarily buying drugs online for treatment, which can lead to serious consequences.

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