PT Health Life

Frequently asked questions about bronchitis

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PT Health Life  – Bronchitis is one of the most common diseases among respiratory infections. This disease needs to be treated early and properly otherwise it can lead to dangerous complications. Below are things we need to keep in mind about bronchitis.

1. Who is susceptible to bronchitis?

bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, the hollow air passages connecting the lungs to the trachea. Inflammation is often caused by infection or other factors that irritate the airways such as smoking, allergies and exposure to dust, chemicals…

Bronchitis often occurs in children and the elderly due to weak resistance, making them susceptible to viruses and bacteria causing illness.

The cause of bronchitis in children is often due to viruses, with about 70% of children getting the disease. Bacterial causes account for about 30% of cases, the most common are bacteria such as pneumococcus, staphylococcus…

Children at risk of bronchitis include:

  • Frequently exposed to polluted environments, mold, dust, and cigarette smoke.
  • Children whose family members have a history of asthma.
  • Children are allergic to mold, pollen, animal hair, etc.
  • Premature, overweight, obese, immunocompromised children.

The cause of bronchitis in the elderly is viruses, bacteria, and fungi. Elderly people who are addicted to cigarettes, pipe tobacco, alcohol or have chronic diseases such as sore throat, bronchial asthma, diabetes, lung disease, stroke, having to lie down for a long time… are susceptible to bronchitis. than normal people.

Picture of bronchitis.

2. How to handle signs of bronchitis?

Bronchitis needs to be diagnosed early and treated promptly, especially in young children, which progresses quickly, leading to respiratory failure. Therefore, when children show signs of: fatigue, poor play, poor appetite, stuffy nose, runny nose, fever, dry cough or cough with phlegm… parents need to take the child to a medical facility for early examination and treatment.

It should be noted that in the early stages, the disease often has common symptoms of cough or fever, so many parents subjectively do not take their children to the doctor, leading to many cases of the disease becoming severe or having complications such as pneumonia or abscesses. lungs, respiratory failure is very dangerous.

For the elderly, bronchitis that is not treated early can cause complications: pneumonia, lung abscess… which can be life-threatening. Therefore, as soon as the elderly show signs of fatigue, sore throat, cough, fever… they need to see a doctor immediately.

3. How to distinguish bronchitis from sore throat?

Sore throat and bronchitis are both common diseases in children. However, many parents often confuse bronchitis with sore throat, leading to severe illness before going to the doctor.

Sore throat: When a child has a sore throat, he or she will have a sore throat, so he or she will cry easily, cough, and may have a dry cough or cough with phlegm. In addition, children may have symptoms of runny nose, stuffy nose, and runny nose. The disease can last a long time and recur many times.

Bronchitis: Children will be tired, have poor appetite due to stuffy nose, runny nose, dry cough, or cough with phlegm, and difficulty breathing. Children may have a mild fever or diarrhea. In the full stage (usually the 3rd day after the onset of the disease): Children have high fever, temperature from 38 – 40 degrees Celsius with a lot of cough, dry cough, cough with green or yellow phlegm. Children wheeze, have difficulty breathing… Therefore, parents need to pay attention to monitoring their children’s symptoms for early examination and treatment.

4. How to care for bronchitis patients at home

For children with viral bronchitis, treatment is mainly aimed at relieving symptoms such as using antipyretics, pain relievers and preventing superinfection. Combine good nutritional care to improve children’s health and resistance.

  • In case the child has a high fever above 38.5°C, give the child Paracetamol fever reducing medicine according to instructions.
  • If your child has a fever below 38.5°C, apply a warm compress to the child to quickly reduce the fever.
  • Only give your child antibiotics when prescribed by a doctor.
  • Clean your child’s nose and throat with physiological saline.
  • Let your child drink plenty of water. If your child has a high fever, vomiting, or diarrhea, you need to give your child Oresol mixed as directed to rehydrate.
  • Always keep your child’s body warm.
  • Let the child lie in an airy, clean room, away from drafts. Adults are not allowed to smoke indoors.
  • Feed children liquid foods that are easy to digest and rich in nutrients such as soup, porridge, and soup. Should be divided into many small meals so that children can eat easily and do not vomit.

Elderly people also need to pay attention to eating enough nutrients and eating liquid and easy-to-digest foods. Drink plenty of water to help improve cough and phlegm. Use additional expectorants in case of thick phlegm or difficulty expectorating as prescribed. Do not buy your own medicine for treatment, especially arbitrarily using antibiotics incorrectly will be very dangerous.

5. Do you have to avoid eating fishy foods if you have bronchitis?

Many people believe that if you have bronchitis, you should abstain from eating chicken, shrimp, crab, fish… because you are afraid that eating these foods will be fishy and will make you cough more. However, if you abstain from eating enough nutrients, it can easily cause the patient to become malnourished, reduce their resistance, and make the disease worse and take longer to heal.

Patients need to eat foods that are nutritious, safe, fresh and full of nutrients (including carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals). Food should be cooked well and in liquid form such as porridge, soup… to make it easy to eat, have good digestion and dilute phlegm, so the patient will not be stimulated to cough much.

Note: Limit foods high in sugar such as candy and soft drinks; Avoid eating spicy and greasy foods that can easily cause nausea and indigestion; Do not use cold food and drinks…

6. Is drinking lots of water good for people with bronchitis?

Bronchitis patients are easily dehydrated due to fever and vomiting, so they need to drink plenty of water to hydrate their bodies. Drinking lots of water also soothes the throat, dilutes mucus, and makes it easier for the patient to spit out.

Patients should drink filtered water, broth, and fresh fruit juice. In addition, drinking some drinks and herbal teas such as pear juice cooked with rock sugar, ginger tea, honey Buddha’s hand tea… helps reduce cough and thin phlegm. Do not drink alcohol, beer and stimulants such as coffee, carbonated drinks…

For young children, before feeding them, you should give them a few spoons of water to dilute mucus, help them breathe easier, and reduce nausea and vomiting when eating.

7. Should people with bronchitis exercise?

Practicing gentle exercise movements such as walking, yoga… can bring many benefits to people with bronchitis, helping to improve respiratory function, helping patients breathe easier, blood circulate, and cough easier. expectoration, cough relief, stuffy nose…

Exercise also helps improve mood, reduce stress, and strengthen the immune system, helping the body fight infections better.

Gentle exercise helps improve respiratory function for people with bronchitis.

8. Can Oriental medicine cure bronchitis?

Traditional medicine can support the treatment of bronchitis with herbal remedies, massage, and acupuncture to help circulate blood, reduce cough, loosen phlegm, relieve pain, and improve lung function.

However, patients should note that they must see a traditional medicine doctor for appropriate advice and prescriptions. Do not arbitrarily use Oriental medicine without the guidance of a doctor. Oriental medicine can be combined with modern medicine to achieve the best treatment results.

9. Cost of bronchitis treatment

The cost of treating bronchitis depends on many factors, including:

  • Severity of disease: Mild bronchitis usually costs less than severe bronchitis.
  • Treatment: Viral bronchitis is often treated with supportive measures, which cost less than bacterial bronchitis, which requires antibiotics.
  • Medical facilities: Treatment costs at public hospitals are often lower than private hospitals.
  • Health insurance: If the patient has health insurance, treatment costs will be partially or fully covered.
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