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Good nutrition for prostate cancer patients

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PT Health Life – A good diet can help reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer, slowing the progression of the disease.

According to data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), there are about 1,112,000 new cases of prostate cancer each year, accounting for 7.9% of all cancers of all types. Prostate cancer ranks second after lung cancer and accounts for 15% of all cancers in men.

Eating well and focusing on a healthy lifestyle is important during prostate cancer treatment. Taking good care of yourself helps patients cope better with all emotional and physical challenges, while keeping their mind and body strong and resilient in dealing with prostate cancer.

1. How important is diet for prostate cancer patients?

Nutrition plays an important role in overall health, which is especially true for those diagnosed with cancer, including prostate cancer. While there is no one diet that cures prostate disease, focusing on specific nutrients can benefit patients in several ways:

  • Supports overall health: Good nutrition strengthens the body’s immune system and helps control side effects of treatment.
  • Maintain muscle mass: Protein is essential for muscle health, and is very important during cancer treatment, especially when muscle loss occurs.
  • Reduce inflammation: Certain dietary choices help control inflammation , potentially aiding in the fight against cancer.
  • Weight control: Maintaining a healthy weight improves prostate cancer prognosis. Maintaining a healthy weight for some men means avoiding weight loss by getting enough calories every day.
Prostate cancer patients should follow a healthy diet.

A healthy diet increases energy levels, facilitates recovery, and strengthens the immune system. Weight control and a healthy diet that includes vitamins, minerals, high fiber, low sugar, and enough water are important goals to have before starting prostate cancer treatment. This allows the body to have the necessary nutrients that can be beneficial during treatment.

2. Necessary nutrients for prostate cancer patients

Prostate cancer treatment can easily affect a patient’s appetite, eating habits and weight, so patients must maintain a healthy weight, receive essential nutrients and try their best. maintain physical activity.

Prostate cancer patients have similar nutritional needs to the general population, but focusing on certain essential nutrients may be especially beneficial. Here are some important nutrients:

Protein: Protein is important for maintaining muscle mass, supporting overall health during cancer treatment. Protein plays an important part in some prostate cancer treatments because protein helps the body repair cells and tissues. Protein also helps the immune system recover from illness. Patients should get enough protein from foods such as fish, egg whites, poultry, cheese, beans, lentils, tofu, or protein-rich smoothies…

Healthy fats : While people with prostate cancer need to limit unhealthy fats, add healthy fats to your diet to balance cell and hormone health.

  • Choose sources rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fatty fish (salmon, tuna, mackerel), flaxseeds, walnuts, and sunflower seeds.
  • It is necessary to limit saturated fat and trans fat found in red meat, processed meat, and fried foods.
Sources of protein and healthy fats should be consumed regularly by prostate cancer patients.

Fiber: Fiber helps digestion and plays a role in reducing inflammation. A high-fiber diet reduces hormone levels that are linked to the progression of prostate cancer. One study showed that a high-fiber, low-fat diet followed for just 10 days led to changes in serum that reduced the growth of prostate cancer.

To get enough fiber, prostate cancer patients should eat lots of fruits (whole or cut into pieces, limit drinking juice because they will lose the necessary amount of fiber), vegetables, and whole grains. like brown rice, quinoa and whole grain bread.

Vitamins and minerals: Patients should try to absorb vitamins and minerals from food sources by eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables with a variety of colors and textures, and increasing whole grains, instead of relying on into supplements.

Vitamin D: May help strengthen bones and immune function. Prostate cancer patients should consume adequate amounts of vitamin D (>30ng/ml). For example, plant sources of calcium include dark green leafy vegetables, soybeans, and almonds. Consult your doctor about appropriate vitamin D supplementation.

Vitamin E: Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from free radical damage. Some studies show that vitamin E may help reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

In addition, some studies also show that B vitamins such as B6, B9, B12 can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer. However, more research is needed to confirm the effectiveness of B vitamins in preventing prostate cancer.

Calcium: Calcium is an important mineral for bone health. Patients after cancer treatment, especially breast and prostate cancer, are at high risk of osteoporosis due to calcium deficiency. This is because the side effects of some cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and endocrine therapy can affect bone density, leading to osteoporosis.

Some cancer drugs can affect the body’s ability to absorb calcium. But absorbing too much is counterproductive. Prostate cancer patients should consume 1,000-1,200mg of calcium per day.

Iron: During prostate cancer treatment, some methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy will cause the body to lack iron. Some cancer drugs can affect the body’s ability to absorb iron. Patients should ask their healthcare provider about maximizing iron absorption and consuming enough iron.

Talk to your doctor before taking any vitamins or supplements. Some medications and cancer treatments can interact with vitamins and supplements. Choose foods as your main source of nutrients first.

Drink enough water: Drinking plenty of water is essential for overall health, helping to reduce side effects such as constipation. Some cancer treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and endocrine therapy often cause some side effects that affect taste, making patients feel uncomfortable when drinking filtered water. Patients should therefore drink more liquids such as soup, tea, milk or milk substitutes, sports drinks or flavor water by adding fresh cut fruit.

3. What should people with prostate cancer eat and avoid?

Just a few simple changes in daily eating habits can help support a healthier life while treating prostate cancer, and even reduce the risk of the cancer recurring or getting worse. All of these recommendations also apply to maintaining overall health for your entire family.

3.1. Foods that prostate cancer patients should eat

Recent research shows that making healthy food choices reduces the risk of disease recurrence and helps prostate cancer patients live longer. According to many experts, the foods that can help prevent prostate cancer are also the ones that protect against prostate cancer recurrence.

Some studies show that a diet rich in vegetables reduces the risk of developing prostate cancer, helps improve the outlook for men with the disease, and reduces the risk of cancer recurrence. Experts say that actively eating lots of vegetables, whole grains, and plant-based foods has shown to positively affect prostate health and support the overall cancer treatment process.

Prostate cancer patients need to adopt a healthy diet, exercise regularly and follow their doctor’s treatment instructions.

Experts suggest that people should refer to the diet and lifestyle for men (MEAL). The MEAL diet was observed in a pivotal prostate cancer study with menu suggestions, including:

– 2 servings of cruciferous vegetables per day: Brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, bok choy, radishes and cauliflower are rich in isothiocyanates that can help prevent the development of cancer.

– 2 servings of tomatoes a day: tomatoes contain the antioxidant lycopene – which helps protect against prostate cancer. Antioxidants assist the body in eliminating free radicals (unstable atoms) that disrupt healthy cell function.

Incorporate cooked tomatoes (preferably cooked with olive oil) and cruciferous vegetables (like broccoli, cauliflower) into multiple meals each week.

1-2 servings of whole grains per day: This can include fiber-rich oatmeal, brown rice, quinoa, barley.

1 or more servings of beans per day: Low-fat and high-protein beans include chickpeas, soybeans, lentils, and peanuts.

At least 1 or more servings of carotenoid-rich fruits and vegetables per day: This important group of antioxidants is found in large quantities in oranges, cantaloupes, carrots, sweet potatoes and dark leafy vegetables. color.

– Each day, the MEAL diet only allows you to eat no more than:

  • 60g processed meat
  • 60-90g red meat
  • One tablespoon of butter
  • 2 egg yolks
  • One cup of whole milk

People with prostate cancer try to keep the amount of fat and protein they get from red meat and dairy products to a minimum. Several studies have reported that saturated fat consumption is associated with an increased risk of developing advanced prostate cancer. Consuming whole milk is associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer progression.

Avoid processed meats that contain nitrates and charred meats, which have been shown to have cancer-promoting properties. Instead, choose fish, lean poultry, and plant-based proteins like nuts and beans. Prostate cancer patients should consult their doctor for advice on the most appropriate nutritional regimen for their health condition.

3.2. Foods that prostate cancer patients need to limit or avoid

Cutting out or reducing or eliminating the following items from your diet also helps promote prostate health and reduces the risk of cancer progression or recurrence:

  • Soft drinks, sugary fruit drinks.
  • Foods with added sugar.
  • Processed foods.
  • Refined flour.
  • Wine.
  • Tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes.

When suffering from prostate cancer, patients should adhere to a healthy lifestyle. Be as active as possible, such as walking every day.

Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day to ensure your body gets enough calories, protein, and nutrients to endure treatment. Smaller meals may also help reduce treatment-related side effects such as nausea.

Practice good food safety. Wash your hands often while preparing food. Use different types of cutting boards for raw meat and raw vegetables. Be sure to cook all foods to the appropriate temperature and refrigerate leftovers immediately.

Watch for changes in bowel habits. Some prostate cancer treatments often lead to changes in bowel habits including diarrhea, constipation, and bloating. If you notice any changes in your bowel habits, talk to your doctor immediately.

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