PT Health Life

How to keep your eyes healthy in the summer

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PT health Life – Summer is the time when eye diseases increase. Therefore, each person needs to proactively prevent diseases and protect their eyes.

1. Risk of eye diseases in summer

Hot sun is the time when insects multiply and thrive, so cases of eye pain (conjunctivitis, keratitis) due to insects flying into the eyes also increase.

The main accidents are insects (the type with secretions, stinging legs and sharp edges). When the patient rubs, the sharp barbs on the leg cause eye injury, causing pain. The broken leg also punctured the eye tissue. In particular, when rubbed, insects will secrete fluid (similar to acid) that causes the eyes to feel burning, burning, eyelid edema, and swelling.

In addition, summer exposure to strong sunlight increases the risk of cataracts due to increased exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Records show that there is increasing evidence that exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays contributes to an increased risk of cataracts and macular degeneration in the eyes. Eye damage can be immediate or long-term after absorbing UV rays in the sun.

For the conjunctiva and cornea, exposure to too intense ultraviolet rays can cause corneal burns with symptoms such as stinging, discomfort, red eyes, glare, tearing, and this condition often causes Get better after 48 hours.

Looking at the sun for a long time or directly at the sun, especially around noon, can cause retinal burns (photoretinitis). This condition is also commonly seen after viewing a solar eclipse without eye protection.

Normally, after being exposed to ultraviolet rays, from 6-15 hours, patients have visual disorders such as decreased vision and seeing halos around light sources. After that, the patient will feel like there is a foreign object in the eye, have tears, and be very afraid of light. Normally, if progress is good, after 8 hours, these symptoms will disappear on their own.

Summer is a time when eye diseases increase.

If the body is exposed to sunlight many times over a long period of time, ultraviolet rays can also cause more serious eye diseases, such as retinal damage, cataracts, blindness, and even blindness.

2. Protect your eyes in summer

2.1 Pay attention to eye hygiene

People need to have the habit of regularly cleaning their hands and eyes with clean water. Especially when going out and returning.

When dust or dirty water gets into your eyes, you can blink into a glass of clean water to avoid rubbing your eyes, causing scratches to the cornea. If not possible, go to a medical facility with full eye specialist equipment to remove dust, remove foreign objects and apply antiseptic medicine.

2.2 Avoid exposing your eyes to direct sunlight

Limit your time outdoors, especially when the temperature is highest (noon). If you have to go out, wear a hat, an umbrella, and use sunglasses that block UV rays when going out to soothe your eyes. At the time when ultraviolet rays are greatest during the day, from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m., you still need to avoid going out.

2.3 When swimming, you need to pay attention

Do not bathe in polluted or unhygienic areas of sea water, rivers, lakes, ponds, etc. Swimming pools can also be an infectious agent for eye diseases in general and conjunctivitis in particular very quickly. This is the ideal home for Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria, the causative agent of conjunctivitis. If this disease is incubated for a long time and not treated promptly, it can easily cause visual disturbances, leading to blindness. Swimming pool water contains a lot of chlorine, so it will cause dry eyes and eye infections if the eyes are not properly protected and cared for. Therefore, when swimming, be sure to use swimming goggles and wash your eyes after swimming.

2.4 Add foods that are good for your eyes

You should use sunglasses that block UV rays when outdoors.

Drink plenty of water (about 6-8 glasses of water per day) to provide enough water and necessary moisture for your eyes. Need to have a reasonable diet, do not eat a lot of spicy foods, limit drinking alcohol, beer… You should supplement enough nutrients for your eyes, avoid overwork.

You should eat a lot of foods such as fish, green vegetables, avocado, eggs, milk, cheese, carrots, papaya, oranges, lemons… which will provide vitamin A, vitamin C, DHA which will help keep your eyes from drying out. , anti-aging and helps improve eyesight. Beans or green vegetables contain abundant antioxidants that will help protect the retina and prevent some eye diseases.

Additionally, get enough sleep to rejuvenate your eyes naturally. Practice simple eye exercises to increase the flexibility of the muscles and nerves in the eyes.

Give your eyes time to rest if you have to work continuously with electronic devices or computers (for example, every 30-60 minutes of work, close your eyes for a few seconds to relax).

When signs of summer eye disease appear, patients should seek medical attention early at hospitals with eye specialists for advice and effective medication. Absolutely do not buy or use topical medications or eye drops on your own as advised. This will cause the condition to prolong and become more serious.

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