PT Health Life

Instructions for exclusive breastfeeding

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PT Health Life – Breastfeeding is the most natural and optimal nurturing method for children’s development, and is the measure that can have the most impact on survival in the first 2 years of a child’s life…

1. Children who are fed breast milk are less susceptible to infectious diseases

Exclusive breastfeeding can help prevent 13% of deaths in children under 5 years old. However, the breastfeeding rate in Vietnam has decreased in recent years for many reasons: urbanization, industrialization, women’s participation in social life, and the attack of industry. Production of breast milk substitutes…

Breastfeeding is always recommended by UNICEF, WHO, the Ministry of Health and medical experts because of the many benefits of breast milk for the health of not only the child but also the mother. Breastfeeding is the most natural and optimal nurturing method for children’s development, and is the measure that can have the most impact on survival in the first 2 years of a child’s life. Exclusive breastfeeding can help prevent 13% of deaths in children under 5 years old. However, the breastfeeding rate in Vietnam has decreased in recent years for many reasons: urbanization, industrialization, women’s participation in social life, and the attack of industry. Production of breast milk substitutes…

Many scientific studies show that children who are breastfed are less susceptible to infectious diseases, malnutrition, overweight and obesity, and have a much lower risk of chronic non-communicable diseases as adults than children who are not breastfed. Mom.

Breast milk is the best food for infants and young children.

First of all, breast milk is the most complete and most suitable food for children, because breast milk contains enough energy and necessary nutrients such as protein, sugar, fat, vitamins and mineral salts in appropriate proportions for the baby. absorption and development of the child’s body. Breastfeeding will help children grow quickly and prevent malnutrition.

Breast milk is a natural biological fluid containing many antibacterial substances, enhancing the baby’s resistance. Breast milk contains immune factors that help protect the body that no other food can replace, so the baby If you are breastfed, you will be less likely to get sick.

Breast milk has anti-allergic effects. Breastfed babies are less likely to have allergies and ezemas than if they eat cow’s milk. Breastfeeding babies is very convenient because it does not depend on time and does not require preparation equipment. Breastfeeding babies will be much more economical than artificial feeding with cow’s milk because breast milk does not cost money to buy. Breastfeeding will strengthen the mother-child bond, which is an important psychological factor that helps the child’s harmonious development.

2. Instructions for exclusive breastfeeding

According to the Department of Maternal and Child Health, Ministry of Health, babies should be breastfed within the first hour after birth, even if milk has not yet come in, so that the baby can receive colostrum. Colostrum is formed from 14-16 weeks of pregnancy and is secreted 1-3 days after birth. Colostrum is light yellow or clear, thick, rich in antibacterial substances, vitamin A, and protein to help children prevent infections.

In the first 3 days, the amount of milk is usually not much (also known as milk has not come in yet) but is enough for the newborn baby because: Breastfeeding early is good for both mother and baby: Babies sucking on the breast makes milk come in faster, helping the uterus contract well. Moreover, it reduces the risk of postpartum bleeding for the mother and helps the baby stay warmer.

Feed your baby exclusively with breast milk without feeding or drinking anything else, including dessert. Feed your baby on demand, whenever he wants, day and night. Mothers can lie down, sit or stand to breastfeed their babies.

Correct breastfeeding position: keep the baby’s body and head in line, the baby’s mouth facing the mother’s breast, the baby’s body close to the mother’s body. Let the baby drink all the milk from one breast before switching to the other. Sick (sick) babies need to be breastfed even more. If the baby cannot breastfeed, express breast milk and give it from a cup or spoon. Do not give your baby a bottle because he or she can easily get diarrhea.

In case the mother has to go to work, she can express milk and store it for the baby to eat. Store expressed breast milk in a clean cup and close the lid. Store breast milk in a cool place at room temperature (19-26 degrees), best used within 4 hours (can be stored for 6-8 hours); in the refrigerator (<4 degrees Celsius), best used within 4 days (can be up to 8 days); in the freezer (-18 to -20 degrees Celsius), best used within 6 months (possibly up to 12 months). Put 60-120ml of milk into a cup (enough to eat at one time) and write the date and time of milking in the cup.

When taking the milk out of the refrigerator (if you take it from the freezer, you need to defrost it by putting the milk in the refrigerator to cool it down, then leave it at normal temperature until the ice melts), let the milk warm naturally or put it in the refrigerator. into a cup of warm water. Do not warm breast milk by heating it on the stove or in the microwave.

On the first day after birth, the baby’s stomach can only hold a maximum of 5-7ml of milk and will digest it within 1 hour. Thus, the baby’s stomach capacity and colostrum amount are completely suitable for the frequency of feeding 10-12 times/day. Day 3: stomach capacity is the size of a ping pong ball, containing 22-27 ml. Days 5-7: The size of a chicken egg, containing 43-57 ml.

The mother needs to eat enough nutrients and drink enough water (about 2-3 liters of water per day). Keep your mind comfortable, rest properly, sleep at least 8 hours a day and believe that you have enough milk to feed your baby. Breastfeed your baby often, both day and night. If the baby latches on properly, the baby will get enough milk and the mother will produce more milk, avoiding the risk of clogged milk ducts and cracked nipples (cracked chicken necks).

When breastfeeding, the first thing to pay attention to is that the mother needs to eat enough, drink enough, and sleep enough. Food rations need to be higher than normal. You should limit spicy foods such as chili, onions, and garlic, which can pass through the milk and cause unpleasant odors, making children easily stop feeding.

When breastfeeding, you should limit the use of medications because some medications can pass through milk, poisoning the baby and reducing milk production. Breastfeeding mothers should drink a lot of water, especially porridge, juice, milk… (about one and a half to two liters a day).

Because breast milk is secreted by a reflex mechanism, the mother’s spirit must be comfortable and confident to avoid stress, sadness, anxiety, and insomnia. Work and rest regime after giving birth affects milk secretion.

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