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What is pelvic inflammatory disease? Does it cause infertility?

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PT Health Life – Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs. Pelvic inflammatory disease occurs when bacteria move upstream from the vagina and cervix up the uterus to the fallopian tubes and ovaries…

1.Subjects at risk of pelvic inflammatory disease

The main cause of pelvic inflammatory disease is gonorrhea and chlamydia infection . Bacteria can cause inflammation or abscesses in the fallopian tubes and ovaries. If not treated promptly, pelvic inflammatory disease can lead to long-term consequences on a woman’s reproductive function.

Symptoms of gonorrhea and chlamydia infection are quite vague and sometimes there are no symptoms. When a woman is infected with gonorrhea or chlamydia, it can take days or weeks to develop into pelvic inflammatory disease. Sometimes pelvic inflammatory disease is also caused by other non -sexually transmitted infections such as bacterial vaginosis.

Pelvic inflammatory disease can occur in sexually active women of any age and is most common in younger women, especially women under 25 years of age.

In addition, some of the risk factors below make you susceptible to pelvic inflammatory disease:

  • Having a sexually transmitted disease, usually gonorrhea and chlamydia
  • Having sex with more than one person or having your partner have sex with more than one person.
  • Have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Have a history of having had multiple abortions.
Image of female genitalia.

2. Consequences of pelvic inflammatory disease

Most pelvic inflammatory diseases have mild symptoms or even no symptoms. Some symptoms of acute pelvic inflammation are abnormal vaginal discharge (leucorrhea). Lower abdominal pain (usually only mild pain) or lumbar pain; Abnormal vaginal bleeding; Fever and chills; Nausea and vomiting; Pain when urinating; Pain during sex…

However, having one of the above symptoms does not necessarily mean you have pelvic inflammatory disease, it is just a sign suggesting this disease.

To confirm the diagnosis, you need to have a gynecological examination and perform some other tests such as blood cell count, gynecological ultrasound, test for gonorrhea or chlamydia…

Most cases of pelvic inflammatory disease respond very well to antibiotic treatment. However, if left untreated or treated late, leading to more severe or prolonged infection, pelvic inflammatory disease can have serious consequences including:

  • Fibroids in the fallopian tubes increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy or difficulty becoming pregnant in the future. According to research, about 1/10 women with pelvic inflammatory disease are infertile due to damage to the fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from being fertilized.
  • Causes abscesses in the fallopian tubes and/or ovaries: Abscesses create permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, causing loss of fallopian tube function. If medical treatment is unsuccessful, the patient will need surgery to remove the fallopian tubes and/or ovaries.

In addition, pelvic inflammation also causes chronic pelvic pain. Therefore, when there are high risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease or when there are some suspicious symptoms, you should immediately go to a medical facility for timely examination and treatment to avoid long-term consequences.

Pain in the lower abdomen should be alert to pelvic inflammatory disease.

3. Physician advice

Because the symptoms of the disease are sometimes vague and not severe, some women can easily ignore it and not see a doctor, leading to delayed or untreated treatment, affecting their ability to reproduce in the future.

Pelvic inflammatory disease can be treated with antibiotics. However, treatment only helps eliminate the infection, it cannot help restore scarred lesions of the fallopian tubes. The longer the infection goes untreated, the more likely it is to have long-term effects on reproductive health, such as infertility. Therefore, it is important to detect the disease and treat it early to reduce long-term effects on reproductive function.

Pelvic inflammatory disease should be prevented, especially for women at high risk: Use condoms during sex to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Use condoms even if you have used another method of birth control. Have safe, faithful sex and be a person who does not have sexually transmitted diseases.

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