PT Health Life

What types of cancer are related to alcohol?

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PT Health Life – Many people know the harmful effects of alcohol on health, especially the liver, stomach, heart, nerves… However, not everyone knows about the connection between alcohol abuse and cancer. 

1. Unhealthy lifestyle and alcohol abuse increase the risk of cancer

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world. Every year there are nearly 20 million new cases of cancer and more than 10 million people die from this disease, of which two-thirds are in developing countries.

Statistics show that each year, Vietnam has more than 180,000 new cases and over 120,000 people die from cancer. Common types of cancer are: liver , lung, breast, stomach, colon, rectal cancer…

According to WHO, the most common preventable cancer risk factors are: smoking, drinking alcohol , being overweight and obese, lack of physical activity, and sexually transmitted HPV virus infection. education, occupational cancer agents…

There are also other important factors that increase the risk of certain types of cancer such as hepatitis B and C virus infection, environmental pollution, radioactive substances, food…

Alcohol use is one of the risk factors for cancer, along with tobacco use, overweight and obesity and physical inactivity.

Alcohol damages many organs in the body and increases the risk of cancer.

2. How does alcohol increase the risk of cancer?

According to the American Cancer Society, although alcohol use accounts for about 6% of all cancers and 4% of all cancer deaths in the United States, many people are unaware of the link between alcohol use and what about cancer?

Alcohol use is related to cancer of organs such as mouth, throat, larynx, esophagus, liver, stomach, colon, rectum… For these types of cancer, the more alcohol you drink, the greater your risk. the higher the chance of getting cancer. But for some types of cancer, most notably breast cancer , drinking even small amounts of alcohol can increase the risk.

The effect of alcohol on cancer risk has not been clearly determined. However, in reality, there may be many different ways in which alcohol may increase the risk and this may depend on the type of cancer.

Once in the body, alcohol can be converted into acetaldehyde, a chemical that can damage DNA inside cells and has been shown to cause cancer in laboratory animals.

Drinking alcohol can also lead to oxidative stress in cells, causing them to produce more reactive oxygen species (chemically reactive molecules that contain oxygen). These can lead to damage inside the cells that can increase the risk of cancer.

Alcohol can stimulate other toxic chemicals, such as cigarette smoke, to enter the cells lining the upper digestive tract more easily and slow down their ability to break down and eliminate some toxic chemicals. body. This may explain why the combination of smoking and drinking alcohol is more likely to cause mouth or throat cancer than smoking or drinking alcohol alone.

3. Types of cancer related to alcohol

3.1 Cancer of the mouth, throat, larynx and esophagus

Alcohol use clearly increases the risk of these cancers. In particular, drinking alcohol and smoking together increases the risk of these cancers many times more than drinking alcohol or smoking alone.

3.2 Liver Cancer

Long-term alcohol use is associated with an increased risk of liver cancer. Heavy, regular alcohol use can damage the liver, leading to inflammation and scarring and increasing the risk of liver cancer.

3.3 Colon and rectal cancer

Alcohol use is associated with a higher risk of colon and rectal cancer. Evidence for this is generally stronger in men than in women, but studies have found an association in both sexes.

3.4 Breast cancer

Drinking small amounts of alcohol is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in women. Alcohol can increase estrogen levels in the body, which may explain some of the increased risk. Avoiding or cutting back on alcohol may be an important way for many women to reduce their risk of breast cancer.

Alcohol abuse increases the risk of liver cancer.

To prevent alcohol-related cancers, the American Cancer Society recommends that it is best for people not to drink alcohol. People who drink alcohol should limit their intake to no more than 2 drinks per day for men and 1 drink per day for women.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a standard drinking unit (standard glass) as containing 10g of alcohol. A standard glass is equivalent to 1 cup of 30ml (40 degrees) spirits; 1 glass of wine 100ml (13.5 degrees); 1 cup of draft beer 330ml, ¾ bottle or 1 can of beer 330ml.

Medical experts also advise us to practice a healthy lifestyle, have a scientific diet, regularly exercise, and give up the habit of drinking alcohol, smoking… to have a better chance of becoming healthy. A healthy body with good resistance helps prevent diseases, including cancer.

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