PT Health Life

Which fruit is good for pregnant women with gestational diabetes?

0 23,553

PT Health Life – Fruits contain lots of fiber, vitamins and minerals that are good for health, especially for pregnant women. Which fruits to eat and how much is a concern for many pregnant women with gestational diabetes.

1. What is gestational diabetes ?

Gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes is a condition in which high blood sugar levels occur in some women during pregnancy . The disease usually develops from the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy.

If diabetes is diagnosed during pregnancy, it does not mean that the pregnant woman had the disease before pregnancy or after giving birth. However, gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.

Besides, if not treated properly, this condition will increase the risk of developing diabetes in the child, and cause health complications for both mother and child.

2. Signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes

Most pregnant women do not experience signs or symptoms of gestational diabetes. Most discover that they have the disease during a routine checkup. In fact, the only way to know if you have gestational diabetes is with a blood sugar test, usually given at 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.

Some women may notice the first signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes, including:

  • Increased thirst: Drinking more than usual and feeling thirsty all the time.
  • Gestational diabetes can make pregnant women feel more tired than usual.
  • Pregnant women feel hungry quickly and eat more.
  • Urinating more than usual.
  • Dry mouth despite drinking a lot can be another sign of gestational diabetes.
Diabetes testing is one of the important tests that cannot be missed during pregnancy.

3. Causes of gestational diabetes

When food is taken into the body, the pancreas secretes insulin, a hormone that helps move a sugar called glucose from the blood to cells to use it for energy.

During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that cause glucose to accumulate in the blood. Normally, the pancreas can secrete enough insulin to process it. But if the body cannot make enough insulin or stops using insulin as usual, blood sugar levels will rise and the pregnant woman will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Risk factors for gestational diabetes:

It’s more important to look for signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes to see if you’re at risk, including:

  • Women over 25 years old.
  • Family history of a member with type 2 diabetes.
  • Having blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to become diabetes (called prediabetes ).
  • Gestational diabetes in previous pregnancies.
  • Overweight or obese.
  • Have polycystic ovary syndrome or another health condition that involves problems with insulin.
  • Have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease or other medical complications.
  • Have ever given birth to a heavy baby (over 4kg).
  • Have ever had a miscarriage, stillbirth or certain birth defects.

4. Diet and exercise for gestational diabetes

A healthy diet is good for people with gestational diabetes.

Follow a healthy, low-sugar diet. A doctor’s consultation is needed to ensure that you are getting the nutrition you need. Follow this meal plan for people with diabetes:

– Swap sugary snacks like cookies, candy and ice cream for natural sugars like fruits, carrots and raisins. Add vegetables and whole grains, and keep track of your daily servings.

– Eat smaller meals: Eat three small meals along with two or three snacks at the same time each day.

– Get 40% of your daily calories from carbs and 20% from protein. Most carbs should be complex, high- fiber carbs , with 25-40% fat.

– Aim for 20-35g of fiber per day. Foods such as whole grain bread, cereals and pasta, brown rice, oatmeal , vegetables and fruits will provide the body with the necessary amount of fiber.

– Limit total fat intake to less than 40% of daily calories. Saturated fat should be less than 10% of the total calories your body consumes daily.

– Eat a variety of foods to ensure adequate supply of vitamins and minerals .

You can exercise when you have gestational diabetes, according to your doctor’s instructions. Exercise is a good way to help control blood sugar levels.

Get active as soon as possible. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate activity most days of the week. Running, walking, swimming and cycling are good options for pregnant women with gestational diabetes.

5. Benefits of adding fruit to the diet for people with gestational diabetes

Fruit has many health benefits, some of which are beneficial for people living with diabetes.

Here are some of the benefits of adding fruit to a diabetes-friendly diet:

5.1 Provide fiber

Fruit is a food that provides a rich source of fiber for the body. Fiber is the part of plant foods that cannot be completely broken down by digestive enzymes. Fiber is beneficial in helping prevent spikes in blood sugar, reducing blood cholesterol, increasing the feeling of fullness and helping control appetite.

5.2 Provide vitamins and minerals

Eating fruit is very beneficial for the health of people with diabetes. Potassium in fruits like bananas, citrus, melons and apricots can help lower blood pressure. Vitamin C and folic acid in citrus fruits help promote wound healing, increase brain function and boost immunity.

5.3 Antioxidants

Antioxidants such as anthocyanins found in berries, cherries and red grapes may help prevent cell damage and potentially slow the progression of some chronic diseases, including heart disease. . Other antioxidant-rich foods include peaches, figs, pears, guava, oranges, apricots, mango, cantaloupe and papaya.

6. Some fruits are good for people with gestational diabetes

After pregnancy, some pregnant mothers will develop gestational diabetes due to changes in hormone secretion and inappropriate diet. To control blood sugar, eating fruit is not simple because most fruits have quite high sugar content. Below are some fruits suitable for pregnant women with gestational diabetes.

6.1 Kiwi

Kiwi is a fruit that is very low in calories and low in sugar, and is also rich in nutrients, so it is especially suitable for pregnant women with diabetes. In addition, kiwi can also improve gestational diabetes in pregnant women, reducing symptoms of thirst and discomfort.

Kiwi helps improve gestational diabetes.

6.2 Apples

Apples are rich in chromium, which helps improve insulin sensitivity in diabetic patients. In addition, apples are also rich in fruit acids that help stabilize blood sugar levels, so gestational diabetes patients can eat apples reasonably, 1-2 fruits a day is fine.

6.3 Grapefruit

Grapefruit is known to be a fruit that contains insulin, because grapefruit pulp contains functions similar to insulin, so it is very suitable for gestational diabetes patients to eat grapefruit. In addition, grapefruit also has the effect of lowering blood pressure and preventing hyperlipidemia in pregnant women.

6.4 Strawberries

The sugar content in strawberries is very low, even if you have gestational diabetes, you can eat them. In addition, strawberries are rich in potassium, so they help reduce symptoms of thirst caused by diabetes.

6.5 Cherries

Cherries are also a fruit that has a sweet and sour taste but is not high in sugar and is also one of the fruits that is very suitable for patients with gestational diabetes. In addition, cherries are also rich in anthocyanins, which can promote insulin secretion.

7. How much fruit is enough for gestational diabetes?

Nutrition experts recommend that people with gestational diabetes should eat 2 to 4 servings per day. One serving equals:

  • 1 medium fruit (such as banana, apple or orange).
  • 1/2 cup (170g) chopped, frozen, cooked or canned fruit.
  • 3/4 cup (180ml) fruit juice.

Healthy fruit options include:

  • You should eat whole fruit instead of juice because it will provide more fiber to the body.
  • Use pure fruit juice, no added sugar.
  • Choose fresh fruit and juice as they are more nutritious than frozen or canned fruits.

8. Prevent gestational diabetes

Swimming is good for pregnant women with diabetes.

The best way to prevent diabetes during pregnancy is to maintain healthy habits and lifestyle before/during pregnancy. Additionally, in case you have had a pre-existing condition, following healthy habits will help reduce the risk of getting the disease in subsequent pregnancies or developing type 2 diabetes in the future.

Choose healthy foods: Foods rich in fiber, low in fat and calories such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains… are great choices.

Exercise regularly: Spend 30 minutes of reasonable, gentle exercise every day such as watering plants, cleaning the house, walking… which is also very good for the health of mother and fetus.

Maintain a reasonable weight when planning to become pregnant: Being overweight or obese before pregnancy is the cause of a series of health problems that occur during pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and birth defects. premature… Therefore, if you are overweight and are planning to have a baby, lose weight to create the foundation for a healthy pregnancy.

Avoid gaining more weight than recommended during pregnancy: Gaining weight too quickly will increase the risk of gestational diabetes, especially for pregnant women who were overweight before pregnancy. The doctor will advise the appropriate weight gain, depending on the weight and physical condition of the mother and fetus.

Target blood sugar levels for women during pregnancy

The American Diabetes Association recommends these goals for pregnant women when testing their blood sugar:

– Before meals: 95 mg/dL or less

– One hour after a meal: 140 mg/dL or less

– Two hours after meals: 120 mg/dL or less

Đánh giá bài viết
Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.